How often we have come to want to take an ice cream or cold drinks and feel a sharp stabbing pain in one of our teeth, “Dental hypersensitivity is one of the most common oral conditions.” According to studies suffer from about one in four adults, especially between 25 and 45.
Dental hypersensitivity is a painful, sharp and brief that responds to different external stimuli (ice cream, cold drinks, sweets or during brushing). This dentin sensation occurs when the tissue located beneath the tooth enamel and cement loses its natural protection is exposed.
The gum diseases as severe as tooth decay, but often we pay less attention. However, the treat can not result in the loss of a tooth.
In almost all dental diseases, dental hypersensitivity results from improper brushing, allowing beverage and food debris accumulate and form a plaque. Or brushed very abrupt to produce a severe retraction.
The stimuli that cause hypersensitivity may be:
Chemicals: Caused by sugary substances or acidic.
Mechanical: When you do not brush their teeth properly.
Heated: Are caused by food and drink hot or cold.
The plate gives rise to two types of problems caused tooth sensitivity tooth decay and gingival recession.
Dental hypersensitivity may be caused by tooth decay, although the pain may be the result of too exposed root, but without caries, an overly aggressive chewing or a fractured tooth.
“Treatment with creams or mouthwashes is useful for sensitive teeth. But when sensitivity or pain is caused by heat, and lasts beyond the normal stimulus or associated with any pathology of dental caries or fracture, you have to see a dentist. ”
Often therapy applies sensitivity area based liquid solutions of sodium fluoride salts, tin or hydrogen. Another therapy is the application of resin type adhesive agents also produce a protective coating.
When the plate has been deposited in the form of tartar below the gum line, inflaming. These accumulated bacteria are destroyed the jawbone that progressively descends and moves the overlying gingiva having a thickness of three millimeters. This condition is called “retraction”.
Inflamed gingiva contracts and shows a greater portion of the tooth, the cement, which is the lining of the root. It is there that produce contact hypersensitivity to cold or heat. If the inflammation in the gingiva lasts, the cement will abrasionandose and leaving more exposed root, which will increase the pain. Together, the support of the tooth decreases, which increases the mobility of the tooth to cause their permanent loss.
The bleeding of the gums or gingivitis, is one of the symptoms that indicate the accumulation of tartar food debris consisting unturned. Scaling and root wearing gum inflammation which then bleed. This is a frequent cause of dental hypersensitivity. It is therefore desirable that the dentist perform proper dental cleaning with a certain frequency.
That is why, in addition, consult your dentist dental in hypersensitivity reactions to an external agent, such as a drink or food, which results in persistent pain, as well as if brushing teeth is noticed blood on the gums. Even if the bleeding is light indicates a problem to be solved.
When sensitivity to cold substances occurs, however, is not as serious as if it occurs with hot, because at this time, the inflammation has reached the nerve.